James Dean: License CreativeCommons by-sa-2.0

James Dean Movies#

The following introduction into RDF/SPARQL was inspired by an example taken from the book:

We slightly modified some notations to be conform with the notations of KnowWE.

The used markups for the definition of the ontology can be only seen in the EDIT mode of this wiki page. Thus, when you want to understand how the definitions work, please move to the EDIT mode or choose "More/View Page Source".

Photo of James Dean: License CreativeCommons by-sa-2.0 / find the original file here.

Defining the knowledge base and package#

We first need to define the namespace, where all elements of the James Dean knowledge base should be located, i.e., jamesDeanMovies.

jamesDeanMovies

Then, we define the knowledge base itself, giving it the namespace/package it should use.

Knowledge base / Ontology#

Defining a schema#

To connect some RDF instances properly in KnowWE, we first need to define some classes and their properties. The classes can be also defined separately and on different wiki articles.

Classes of the James Dean demo:

Actor Director Movie Woman Man

Some properties to represent who played in which movie and who directed the movies:

playedIn @domain: Actor @range: Movie

directedBy @domain: Movie @range: Director

Defining some characters#

We first define some ontology instances in RDF.

People and Movies#

Mr. Dean himself:

The directors of the Dean movies:

GeorgeStevens FredGuiol EliaKazan NicholasRay

And some actresses of Dean movies:

AnnDoran ElizabethTaylor CarrollBaker JoVanFleet JulieHarris MercedesMcCambridge NatalieWood

And now the three movies of James Dean:

Giant EastOfEden RebelWithoutaCause

Relations to connect the instances#

We now connect the instances defined above by using the turtle markup. When the subject and the predicate of two triples is equal, the you can simply separate the differing objects by commas. See, the playedIn relation for instance.

JamesDean
playedIn
Giant, EastOfEden, RebelWithoutaCause;
rdf:type
Man;

AnnDoran
playedIn
RebelWithoutaCause;
rdf:type
Woman;

ElizabethTaylor
playedIn
Giant;
rdf:type
Woman;

CarrollBaker
playedIn
Giant;
rdf:type
Woman;

JoVanFleet
playedIn
EastOfEden;
rdf:type
Woman;

JulieHarris
playedIn
EastOfEden;
rdf:type
Woman;

MercedesMcCambridge
playedIn
Giant;
rdf:type
Woman;

NatalieWood
playedIn
RebelWithoutaCause;
rdf:type
Woman;

Giant
directedBy
GeorgeStevens, FredGuiol;

EastOfEden
directedBy
EliaKazan;

RebelWithoutaCause
directedBy
NicholasRay;

Some first queries#

We now try to retrieve some information, that we before represented as triples. Lets see the actresses that played together with James Dean in a movie. We use the NOT IN filter to omitt the appearance of James Dean himself in the result set. When the result set consists of more than one element, the result is displayed as a table.

Lets see, what directors worked in movies where James Dean played in. When the result set consists of one element, the result is displayed as a list of the element values.

Using labels for a user-friendly appearance#

By now we only have seen the names of the actual instances. In RDF it is also possible to define (language dependent) labels for instances by the property rdfs:label. Please note, that we use general labels for actors and directors, but language dependent labels for the names of movies.

JamesDean
rdfs:label
'James Dean';

AnnDoran
rdfs:label
'Ann Doran';

ElizabethTaylor
rdfs:label
'Elizabeth Taylor';

CarrollBaker
rdfs:label
'Carroll Baker';

JoVanFleet
rdfs:label
'JoVan Fleet';

JulieHarris
rdfs:label
'Julie Harris';

MercedesMcCambridge
rdfs:label
'Mercedes McCambridge';

NatalieWood
rdfs:label
'Natalie Wood ';

Giant
rdfs:label
'Giant'@en;
rdfs:label
'Giganten'@de;

EastOfEden
rdfs:label
'East Of Eden'@en;
rdfs:label
'Jenseits von Eden'@de;

RebelWithoutaCause
rdfs:label
'Rebel Without a Cause'@en;
rdfs:label
'Denn sie wissen nicht, was sie tun'@de;

We are now able to query the RDF store with the labels, for instance, query all actors and the movies (in english language) they played in.